Computer Network Topology

Network Topology


Network Topology

Network topology is the way in which nodes it may be computer router or any devices are connected to a local area network (LAN) or other network through cables (wired) or without cables (wireless).

There are different types of Network topology .

(1) BUS Topology
(2) RING Topology
(3) STAR Topology
(4) MESH Topology
(5) TREE Topology (Hierarchical) Topology
(6) HYBRID Topology
(7) Cellular Topology

(1) BUS Topology

In this topology each  nodes ( may be computer or any network device) is connected with single cable. Only in one direction data is transfer. Ethernet 10Base2 is used for bus topology. Bus topology is used in small networks.The complete network will fail if cable fail.It will decrease the performance if network traffic is heavy .

computer Network topology , BUS Topology

(2) RING Topology

In this topology every nodes is connected to another nodes and the  last nodes connected to the first nodes which make a completed ring type structure hence it called ring topology.
A signal is passed through the cable until it reaches its destination device.
Ring network works on  token.A token is electronic address of the receiver and it contain short message .
Each NIC card have a unique electronic address, which is its unique identity in the computer network.

computer Network topology, RING Topology

 

(3) STAR Topology

In this type of topology each node connects to a central network device, central device may be switch, computer etc. Its is also called as client server topology, where central or main network device is a server and the peripheral devices which is connected to main server  is a clients.
These central or main server  points are referred to as Hubs.Each node has its own dedicated connection to the hub. Here hub dependency is very high if hub fail the completed network will be down. Complete Network will stop if center device fail as all communication is through central device.

computer Network topology, STAR Topology

(4) MESH Topology

In a mesh network topology, each of the network node ( may be computer and other devices) are interconnected with one another forming a mesh structure.
Every computer in the network has a interconnected with the other computers in that network.In this topology all nodes cooperate to distribute data among each other.

computer Network topology, MESH Topology

Types of Mesh Topology
1. Partial Mesh Topology : When devices are only connected to two or three devices then it is called as partial mesh topology.

2. Full Mesh Topology : When devices are connected to each other then it is called as full mesh topology.

(5) TREE Topology (Hierarchical) Topology

In This topology system are arranged in top down structure that is the top system is a parent nodes or root node and below the root nodes next level is called as child nodes and son on its look like a tree structure .

In this topology if parent nodes fail will effect complete topology,complete network will be crashes.

computer Network topology, TREE Topology

(6) HYBRID Topology

This topology is mix of two or more topology to form a single network.In below diagram start topology and ring topology formed a single network.
It is a combination of two or topologies. 
Its Inherits the advantages and disadvantages of the topologies which is include in this topology forming a network.

computer Network topology, HYBRID Topology

(7) Cellular Topology

The cellular topology is applicable only in case of wireless media.

In cellular topology it does not require cable connection.

Transmitting point of singnal is called as cell which form a network area.Here data is tranmitted in CDPD(cellular digital packet data) format.

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